B.R. Nahata Smriti Sansthan Agricultural Extension Journal (AEXTJ) http://aextj.com/index.php/aextj <p><strong>B R Nahata Smriti Sansthan Agricultural Extension Journal (AEXTJ)</strong> is an international Referred and Peer Reviewed Online and print Journal with E-ISSN: 2582-3302 and P-ISSN: 2582-564X published by B.R. Nahata Smriti Sansthan for the enhancement of research and extension in Agriculture and allied discipline. </p> <p>AEXTJ is a Open Access Online Journal that publishes full-length papers, reviews and short communications exploring and to promote diverse and integrated areas of Agriculture, Horticulture, Agricultural Engineering, Animal husbandry, Veterinary, Home science, food technology, fishery, Social science and Economics. AEXTJ is steered by a distinguished Board of Editors. To maintain a high-quality journal, manuscripts that appear in the AEXTJ Articles section have been subjected to a rigorous review process.</p> <p>Country: India, Yemen, Srilanka, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Sudan and opens to the world.</p> <p><strong>Subject Category: </strong></p> <p>B R Nahata Smriti Sansthan Agricultural Extension Journal (AEXTJ) covers topic of all agriculture branches. The main topic includes but not limited to:</p> <p><strong>AGRICULTURE, HORTICULTURE, AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING, ANIMAL HUSBANDRY, VETERINARY, HOME SCIENCE, FOOD TECHNOLOGY, FISHERY, SOCIAL SCIENCE AND ECONOMICS</strong></p> <h3><strong> AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES</strong></h3> <ul> <li>Plant Science</li> <li>Agricultural Economics</li> <li>Basic biology concepts</li> <li>Management of the Environment</li> <li>Agricultural Technology</li> <li>Basic Horticulture</li> <li>Irrigation and water management</li> <li>Soil Science</li> <li>Animal Science</li> <li>Agricultural Chemistry</li> <li>Sustainable Natural Resource Utilization</li> <li>Agricultural Management Practices</li> <li>Natural Resources</li> <li>Food System</li> </ul> <h3>CROP PRODUCTION</h3> <ul> <li>Cereals or Basic Grains: Oats, Wheat, Barley, Rye, Triticale, Corn, Sorghum, Millet, Quinoa and Amaranth</li> <li>Pulse Crops: Peas (all types), field beans, faba beans, lentils, soybeans, peanuts and chickpeas.</li> <li>Vegetable crops or Olericulture: Crops utilized fresh or whole</li> <li>Tree Nut crops: Hazlenuts. walnuts, almonds, cashews, pecans</li> <li>Sugar crops: sugarcane. sugar beets, sorghum</li> <li>Oilseeds: Canola, Rapeseed, Flax, Sunflowers, Corn and Hempseed</li> <li>Hay and Silage (Forage crop) Production</li> <li>Tree Fruit crops: apples, oranges, stone fruit</li> <li>Berry crops: strawberries, blueberries, raspberries</li> <li>Potatoes varieties and production.</li> </ul> <h3>LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION</h3> <ul> <li>Animal husbandry</li> <li>Bovine</li> <li>Camel</li> <li>Pigs</li> <li>Goat</li> <li>Bees</li> <li>Exotic Species</li> <li>Ranch</li> <li>Equine</li> <li>Yak</li> <li>Sheep</li> <li>Poultry</li> <li>Dogs</li> <li>Chicken Growth</li> </ul> <h3>AQUACULTURE</h3> <ul> <li>Fish Farm</li> <li>Freshwater Prawn Farm</li> <li>Shrimp Farm</li> </ul> <p><strong>CROP PRODUCTION:</strong> <strong>GRAINS; LEGUMES; FRUITS; VEGETABLES; FLOWERS; COTTON</strong></p> <ul> <li>Crop protection</li> <li>Crop breeding and genetics</li> <li>Crop nutrition, irrigation</li> <li>Crop physiology</li> <li>Pests and diseases, weeds, invasive species</li> <li>Precision agriculture</li> <li>Sustainable agriculture</li> <li>Conservation agriculture</li> <li>Organic agriculture</li> <li>Ecological agriculture</li> </ul> <p><strong>ANIMAL PRODUCTION: LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY</strong></p> <ul> <li>Animal breeding</li> <li>Animal nutrition<strong style="font-size: 0.875rem;"> </strong></li> </ul> <p><strong>SOIL AND WATER</strong></p> <ul> <li>Soil physics</li> <li>Soil chemistry</li> <li>Soil microbiology</li> <li>Soil and water quality</li> <li>Irrigation and water use efficiency</li> </ul> <p><strong>IMPACTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS</strong></p> <ul> <li>Environmental influences on production and products</li> <li>Impact of changing environments</li> </ul> <p><strong>RURAL MANAGEMENT AND AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT</strong></p> <ul> <li>Trade</li> <li>Livelihoods</li> <li>Rural communities and aid</li> </ul> <p><strong>AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY</strong></p> <ul> <li>Machinery</li> <li>Remote sensing</li> <li>Geographical Information Systems<strong style="font-size: 0.875rem;"> </strong></li> </ul> <p><strong>AGRICULTURAL PRODUCT HEALTH AND SAFETY</strong></p> <ul> <li>Post-harvest</li> <li>Animal and plant inspection</li> <li>Product freshness</li> </ul> <p> </p> <p><strong><u>JOURNAL PARTICULARS</u></strong></p> <p><strong><u> </u></strong></p> <table> <tbody> <tr> <td width="225"> <p>Title</p> </td> <td width="414"> <p><strong>B R Nahata Smriti Sansthan Agricultural Extension Journal</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="225"> <p>Frequency</p> </td> <td width="414"> <p>Quarterly</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="225"> <p>E- ISSN</p> </td> <td width="414"> <p>2582-3302</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="225"> <p>P-ISSN</p> </td> <td width="414"> <p>2582-564X</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="225"> <p>DOI</p> </td> <td width="414"> <p><strong>https://doi.org/10.22377/aextj.v03i01</strong></p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="225"> <p>Publisher</p> </td> <td width="414"> <p><strong>Mr. Rahul Nahata</strong>, B.R. Nahata College of Pharmacy, Mhow-Neemuch Road, Mandsaur-458001, Madhya Pradesh</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="225"> <p>Chief Editor</p> </td> <td width="414"> <p>Dr. M.A. Naidu</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="225"> <p>Starting Year</p> </td> <td width="414"> <p>2017</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="225"> <p>Subject</p> </td> <td width="414"> <p>Agriculture subjects</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="225"> <p>Language</p> </td> <td width="414"> <p>English Language</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="225"> <p>Publication Format</p> </td> <td width="414"> <p>Online and Print [Both]</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="225"> <p>Email Id</p> </td> <td width="414"> <p><a href="mailto:agriculturalextensionjournal@gmail.com">agriculturalextensionjournal@gmail.com</a> ,editor@brnsspublicationhub.org</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="225"> <p>Mobile No.</p> </td> <td width="414"> <p>+91-7049737901</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="225"> <p>Website</p> </td> <td width="414"> <p>www.aextj.com</p> </td> </tr> <tr> <td width="225"> <p>Address</p> </td> <td width="414"> <p>B.R. Nahata Smriti Sansthan, BRNSS PUBLICATION HUB, B.R. Nahata College of Pharmacy, Mhow-Neemuch Road, Mandsaur-458001, Madhya Pradesh</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p> </p> BRNSS Publication Hub en-US B.R. Nahata Smriti Sansthan Agricultural Extension Journal (AEXTJ) 2582-564X <p>This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 International License [CC BY-NC 4.0], which requires that reusers give credit to the creator. It allows reusers to distribute, remix, adapt, and build upon the material in any medium or format, for noncommercial purposes only.</p> Economics of Cereal and Vegetable Crops under Organic and Conventional Production Systems in Nepal http://aextj.com/index.php/aextj/article/view/317 <p>Chemical fertilizers have a great contribution in agricultural production in Nepal. So far, only about 50% of total demand for chemical fertilizer has been met. Government has been providing subsidy protecting farmers from high cost of imported fertilizers. However, the supply of chemical fertilizer is not smoothened as expected. With the tragedy of different problems of fertilizer importation, distribution, and use, stakeholders have started thinking organic production as an alternative of conventional agriculture in Nepal. However, transforming from conventional to organic agriculture is questioned because of conflicting finding regarding the real profitability of organic production technique. Responding to the situation, a study was conducted to analyze comparative economics of organic and conventional production system using gross margin and cost-benefit analysis covering five selected crops (rice, tomato, potato, bitter gourd, and cauliflower). The study was carried out by random sampling of 250 producers where 200 were conventional and 50 organic farms from five rural/municipalities of Sindhupalchhok, Dhading, Gorkha, Chitwan, and Rupandehi districts. Estimated gross margins and benefit cost analysis indicated that organic products are as profitable as conventional products except in tomato. In overall, vegetables were more profitable than cereals both for organic and conventional systems.</p> Hari Krishna Panta Copyright (c) 2022 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-09-15 2022-09-15 6 3 10.22377/aextj.v6i3.317 Analysis of Costs and Returns of Tree Crops Planting in Tropical Environment http://aextj.com/index.php/aextj/article/view/322 <p>This article analyzed the costs and returns on tree crops planting in tropical environment. Trees crops planting offer financial and social returns over the years and it is a lucrative long-term investment in tropical and sub-tropical environments. Despite the substantial gain on investment in tree planting, only few people are still involved in the business. Benefit Cost Ratio and Net Present Value (NPV) were calculated to determine the financial viability of tree crop planting.</p> Y. J. Alhassan Copyright (c) 2022 Y. J. Alhassan https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-10-31 2022-10-31 6 3 10.22377/aextj.v6i3.322 II.Military Erosion and its Consequences Resulting from Acts of Vandalism Committed by the Armenian Invaders on the Lands of the Karabakh Region of Azerbaijan http://aextj.com/index.php/aextj/article/view/323 <p>In the article analyzed by the author, there are two large and, moreover, catastrophic wars committed by the aggressor in the twentieth century, which entailed the destruction of everything living on these lands. Proof of this is indicated from this point of view, the beginning of the First World War committed in 1914–1917, which lasted more than 4 years, where there were destruction in this war, tens of thousands cities, towns and villages, agricultural fields, orchards, which are based on the historical facts of the destruction of forests and pastures and the creation of large-scale disasters, and the alarming consequences of atrocities, and in this context, the main problems facing the scientific community and military experts are researched on a scientific basis.</p> Z. H. Aliyev Copyright (c) 2022 Z. H. Aliyev https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-10-31 2022-10-31 6 3 10.22377/aextj.v6i3.323 Influence of Exogenous and Anthropogenic Impacts on Natural Ecosystems in Azerbaijan http://aextj.com/index.php/aextj/article/view/324 <p>Located in the South Caucasus Republic of Azerbaijan-mountainous country where 60% of its territory is mountainous and foothill zone. Difficult geographical situation of mountain systems, the constantly increasing anthropogenic forcing exogenous processes occurring in the country, non-compliance with conservation, and environmental protection measures eventually led to the emergence and development of erosion processes. The article discusses ways of ecological optimization of agricultural land in the country.</p> B. H. Aliyev Copyright (c) 2022 B. H. Aliyev https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-10-31 2022-10-31 6 3 10.22377/aextj.v6i3.324 Impact of Irrigation Erosion on the Agrochemical Properties of Mountain-Brown Soils and the Productivity of Cereals and Legumes http://aextj.com/index.php/aextj/article/view/325 <p>Taking all these into account, it is important to increase the fertility of the soil from the erosion process in Ismayilli and to prevent the washing of fodder crops from perennial herbs. The cultivation of these plants in the mountainous regions protects the slopes from the terrible erosion process and provides the animals with a strong fodder. It is proved by the results of the research that restoration of fertility and ecological balance of erosion lands and the implementation of soil-agro-technical measures to increase productivity are of great importance.</p> F. F. Suleymanova Copyright (c) 2022 F. F. Suleymanova https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-10-31 2022-10-31 6 3 10.22377/aextj.v6i3.325 Barriers to Effective Extension Agents and Smallholder Farmer Communication in Gwagwalada Area Council, Abuja, Nigeria http://aextj.com/index.php/aextj/article/view/326 <p>Effective communication is the most effective tool in every human relationship, most especially between extension officers and their clientele. This survey was carried out to examine the constraints of effective communication among farmers in Gwagwalada Area Council of federal capital territory, Nigeria. Purposive sampling technique was used for sample selection while questionnaires and interview schedule were adopted for data collection.</p> Janet K. Abenga Copyright (c) 2022 Janet K. Abenga https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0 2022-10-31 2022-10-31 6 3 10.22377/aextj.v6i3.326